Prev: 01343 Up: Map Next: 01507
Used by the routines at SAVE_ETC and LD_BLOCK.
This subroutine is called to load the header information and later load or verify an actual block of data from a tape.
A 0 (header block) or 255 (data block)
F Carry flag set if loading, reset if verifying
DE Block length
IX Start address
F Carry flag reset if there was an error
LD_BYTES 01366 INC D This resets the zero flag. (D cannot hold 255.)
01367 EX AF,AF' The A register holds 0 for a header and 255 for a block of data. The carry flag is reset for verifying and set for loading.
01368 DEC D Restore D to its original value.
01369 DI The maskable interrupt is now disabled.
01370 LD A,15 The border is made white.
01372 OUT (254),A
01374 LD HL,1343 Preload the machine stack with the address SA_LD_RET.
01377 PUSH HL
01378 IN A,(254) Make an initial read of port '254'.
01380 RRA Rotate the byte obtained but keep only the EAR bit.
01381 AND 32
01383 OR 2 Signal red border.
01385 LD C,A Store the value in the C register (34 for 'off' and 2 for 'on' - the present EAR state).
01386 CP A Set the zero flag.
The first stage of reading a tape involves showing that a pulsing signal actually exists (i.e. 'on/off' or 'off/on' edges).
LD_BREAK 01387 RET NZ Return if the BREAK key is being pressed.
LD_START 01388 CALL LD_EDGE_1 Return with the carry flag reset if there is no 'edge' within approx. 14,000 T states. But if an 'edge' is found the border will go cyan.
The next stage involves waiting a while and then showing that the signal is still pulsing.
01393 LD HL,1045 The length of this waiting period will be almost one second in duration.
01398 DEC HL
01399 LD A,H
01400 OR L
01403 CALL LD_EDGE_2 Continue only if two edges are found within the allowed time period.
Now accept only a 'leader signal'.
LD_LEADER 01408 LD B,156 The timing constant.
01410 CALL LD_EDGE_2 Continue only if two edges are found within the allowed time period.
01415 LD A,198 However the edges must have been found within about 3,000 T states of each other.
01417 CP B
01420 INC H Count the pair of edges in the H register until '256' pairs have been found.
After the leader come the 'off' and 'on' parts of the sync pulse.
LD_SYNC 01423 LD B,201 The timing constant.
01425 CALL LD_EDGE_1 Every edge is considered until two edges are found close together - these will be the start and finishing edges of the 'off' sync pulse.
01430 LD A,B
01431 CP 212
01435 CALL LD_EDGE_1 The finishing edge of the 'on' pulse must exist. (Return carry flag reset.)
01438 RET NC
The bytes of the header or the program/data block can now be loaded or verified. But the first byte is the type flag.
01439 LD A,C The border colours from now on will be blue and yellow.
01440 XOR 3
01442 LD C,A
01443 LD H,0 Initialise the 'parity matching' byte to zero.
01445 LD B,176 Set the timing constant for the flag byte.
01447 JR LD_MARKER Jump forward into the byte loading loop.
The byte loading loop is used to fetch the bytes one at a time. The flag byte is first. This is followed by the data bytes and the last byte is the 'parity' byte.
LD_LOOP 01449 EX AF,AF' Fetch the flags.
01450 JR NZ,LD_FLAG Jump forward only when handling the first byte.
01452 JR NC,LD_VERIFY Jump forward if verifying a tape.
01454 LD (IX+0),L Make the actual load when required.
01457 JR LD_NEXT Jump forward to load the next byte.
LD_FLAG 01459 RL C Keep the carry flag in a safe place temporarily.
01461 XOR L Return now if the type flag does not match the first byte on the tape. (Carry flag reset.)
01462 RET NZ
01463 LD A,C Restore the carry flag now.
01464 RRA
01465 LD C,A
01466 INC DE Increase the counter to compensate for its 'decrease' after the jump.
01467 JR LD_DEC
If a data block is being verified then the freshly loaded byte is tested against the original byte.
LD_VERIFY 01469 LD A,(IX+0) Fetch the original byte.
01472 XOR L Match it against the new byte.
01473 RET NZ Return if 'no match'. (Carry flag reset.)
A new byte can now be collected from the tape.
LD_NEXT 01474 INC IX Increase the 'destination'.
LD_DEC 01476 DEC DE Decrease the 'counter'.
01477 EX AF,AF' Save the flags.
01478 LD B,178 Set the timing constant.
LD_MARKER 01480 LD L,1 Clear the 'object' register apart from a 'marker' bit.
The following loop is used to build up a byte in the L register.
LD_8_BITS 01482 CALL LD_EDGE_2 Find the length of the 'off' and 'on' pulses of the next bit.
01485 RET NC Return if the time period is exceeded. (Carry flag reset.)
01486 LD A,203 Compare the length against approx. 2,400 T states, resetting the carry flag for a '0' and setting it for a '1'.
01488 CP B
01489 RL L Include the new bit in the L register.
01491 LD B,176 Set the timing constant for the next bit.
01493 JP NC,LD_8_BITS Jump back whilst there are still bits to be fetched.
The 'parity matching' byte has to be updated with each new byte.
01496 LD A,H Fetch the 'parity matching' byte and include the new byte.
01497 XOR L
01498 LD H,A Save it once again.
Passes round the loop are made until the 'counter' reaches zero. At that point the 'parity matching' byte should be holding zero.
01499 LD A,D Make a further pass if the DE register pair does not hold zero.
01500 OR E
01503 LD A,H Fetch the 'parity matching' byte.
01504 CP 1 Return with the carry flag set if the value is zero. (Carry flag reset if in error.)
01506 RET
Prev: 01343 Up: Map Next: 01507